Where Do Bed Bugs Come From?

by | May 20, 2023 | 0 comments

Bed bugs are a universal problem, but have you ever wondered where do bed bugs come from? Our guide will explore the origins of these pesky insects and how they spread. Understanding their behaviour, including some surprising secrets, can be key to preventing and treating an infestation. You’ll also learn the importance of safeguarding your personal belongings and the role of professional bed bug removal in Houston in addressing these pests. If you wish to be more informed, check out our post on some common misconceptions about bed bugs that might be hindering your battle against them.


Bed bugs, scientifically known as Cimex lectularius, have been a persistent problem for humans for centuries. Despite their name, bed bugs are not limited to beds alone. They can infest various areas of a home, hotel, or public space, causing frustration and discomfort for those affected. Understanding the origins and behaviour of bed bugs is crucial in effectively combating and preventing infestations.

Bed Bug Habitat

Natural Habitat

The history of the bed bug may be traced back thousands of years to bat-inhabited caverns. The evolution of human civilizations led to these insects switching from a diet of bat blood to one of human blood. Because of this evolutionary change, they are found almost anywhere people live.

Preferred Locations

Bed bugs are quite particular about where to hide inside our houses. Infesting human hosts at night, they often rest in comfy places like beds and mattresses. However, they are not limited to only the floor or wall gaps; they may also infest soft furnishings like sofas and chairs. Because of their adaptability, they are challenging to eradicate.

Bed Bug Life Cycle

Understanding bed bugs’ life cycle is essential in effectively dealing with an infestation. Bed bugs go through several distinct stages:

  • Egg Stage: Bed bug eggs are tiny and difficult to spot with the naked eye. They are typically laid in clusters and are resistant to many common pesticides.
  • Nymph Stage: After hatching, bed bugs go through several nymph stages, during which they molt and grow. Nymphs are smaller versions of adult bed bugs and require blood meals to advance to the next stage.
  • Adult Stage: Once bed bugs reach adulthood, they can reproduce and continue the infestation cycle. Adult bed bugs with flat, oval-shaped bodies are approximately the size of an apple seed.

Transportation and Infestation

Bed bugs have mastered the art of hitchhiking and can be transported from one place to another in various ways. Some common routes of infestation include:

  • Travel-related infestations: Bed bugs often latch onto luggage or clothing while travelling, allowing them to infest new locations. Hotels, hostels, and other accommodations can inadvertently harbor these pests, making them easily transferable to your home.
  • Infestation through used furniture: Second-hand furniture, especially beds, mattresses, and couches, pose a significant risk of bed bug infestation. Buying or accepting used items without proper inspection can introduce these pests into your living space.
  • Hitchhiking through personal belongings: Bed bugs can hide in bags, backpacks, and other personal belongings. They may crawl into these items in public spaces, such as movie theatres or public transportation, and ultimately find their way into your home.

Prevention and Control

Preventing bed bug infestations is far easier than dealing with an existing problem. Here are some preventive measures you can take:

  • Regular cleaning and decluttering: Keeping your living space clean and organized reduces potential hiding spots for bed bugs. Regularly vacuuming carpets, mattresses, and furniture can help remove any existing pests.
  • Sealing cracks and crevices: Bed bugs can hide in small cracks and crevices around your home. Seal these openings using caulk or other appropriate materials to eliminate potential hiding spots.
  • Properly inspecting second-hand items: When acquiring used furniture or clothing, carefully inspect them for any signs of bed bugs. Pay close attention to seams, creases, and corners where these pests may hide.
  • Use of bed bug-proof mattress covers: Encasing your mattress and box spring with bed bug-proof covers can help prevent infestations. These covers are designed to trap any existing bed bugs and prevent new ones from infiltrating your bed.

Signs of Bed Bug Infestation

Identifying a bed bug infestation early on can help prevent it from spreading further. Look out for the following signs:

  • Physical signs: Bed bugs leave behind physical evidence, such as shed exoskeletons, tiny bloodstains on sheets or clothing, or dark spots of fecal matter on mattresses or furniture.
  • Bed bug bites cause red, itchy bumps on the skin in the shape of a pinpoint insect. However, bites are not sufficient proof on their own since they might look like those of other insects or skin disorders.

Bed Bug Treatment

Dealing with a bed bug infestation usually requires professional intervention. Here are some treatment options:

  • Professional extermination: Hiring a licensed pest control professional experienced in bed bug eradication is often the most effective solution. They may use a combination of chemical treatments, heat treatments, and other methods to eliminate bed bugs.
  • DIY methods: Some individuals may attempt to tackle bed bug infestations themselves. DIY methods include using insecticides labeled for bed bug control, thorough cleaning, vacuuming, and steam treatments to kill bed bugs and their eggs.
  • Heat treatments: Bed bugs are sensitive to high temperatures. Heat treatments involve raising the temperature in infested areas to a level that kills the bugs, usually above 120°F (49°C). This method can be effective if applied correctly.

Health Risks and Concerns

Bed bug bites While bed bugs are generally not considered disease vectors, they can still pose health risks and concerns:

  • Physical discomfort and bites: Bed bug bites can cause itchiness, redness, and irritation. In some cases, excessive scratching can lead to secondary infections.
  • Allergic reactions: Some individuals may experience allergic reactions to bed bug bites, ranging from mild to severe. Swelling, blistering, and difficulty breathing are possible symptoms of an allergic reaction.
  • Mental and emotional impact: Dealing with a bed bug infestation can be emotionally taxing. The fear of being bitten during sleep and disrupting daily routines can lead to stress, anxiety, and sleep disturbances.


Understanding where bed bugs come from is critical to effective bed bug management. These pests can be elusive, often hiding in places you might not initially suspect. Our article on unlikely hideouts for bed bugs provides insights about surprising spots in your home that could harbour these pests.

Moreover, it’s essential to know that bed bugs can infest your belongings, making managing these pests even more challenging. For detailed information on how bed bugs can infest your belongings and ways to manage this, refer to our article about infested possessions.

To further grasp the behaviour and tendencies of bed bugs, our comprehensive piece on the surprising secrets of bed bug behavior can be incredibly useful. With this knowledge, you’ll be better equipped to detect, manage, and prevent bed bug infestations.


What attracts bed bugs in the first place?

Bed bugs are attracted to several factors, including warmth, carbon dioxide, and certain scents. They are attracted to the heat and warmth generated by human bodies, making beds and sleeping areas their primary targets. When we sleep, we exhale carbon dioxide, which bed bugs can detect and use as a signal to find their hosts. Additionally, they are attracted to certain scents such as body odor and the scent of sweat.

Are bed bugs from poor hygiene?

Contrary to popular belief, bed bugs are not solely attracted to poor hygiene. While cluttered and unsanitary conditions can provide more hiding places for bed bugs, these pests can infest even the cleanest environments. Bed bugs are excellent hitchhikers and can be easily transported through luggage, clothing, and furniture. They can infest homes, hotels, dormitories, and other places regardless of cleanliness.

How to avoid bed bugs?

To avoid bed bugs, you can take the following preventive measures:

  1. Inspect second-hand items: Before bringing used furniture, clothing, or bedding into your home, thoroughly inspect them for any signs of bed bugs.
  2. Use protective covers: Encase your mattresses and box springs with bed bug-proof covers to prevent infestation and make it easier to detect any potential bed bug activity.
  3. Be cautious while traveling: Inspect hotel rooms for signs of bed bugs before unpacking, and keep your luggage elevated and away from beds and furniture.
  4. Avoid second-hand mattresses: It’s generally recommended to avoid using second-hand mattresses, as they may already be infested with bed bugs.
  5. Regularly clean and declutter: Reduce potential hiding spots for bed bugs by keeping your living spaces tidy and clutter-free. Vacuum regularly and pay attention to cracks and crevices.

What instantly kills bed bugs?

Several methods can help kill bed bugs instantly or control their infestations effectively:

  1. Heat treatment: Bed bugs are sensitive to high temperatures. Professional heat treatments using specialized equipment can effectively kill bed bugs and their eggs.
  2. Insecticides: Certain insecticides are formulated specifically for bed bug control. These products can be applied to infested areas to kill bed bugs. It’s important to carefully follow the instructions and ensure proper ventilation when using insecticides.
  3. Steam treatment: Using steam on infested areas can be effective in killing bed bugs and their eggs. The high temperature of the steam can penetrate cracks and crevices where bed bugs hide.
  4. Freezing: Extreme cold temperatures can also kill bed bugs. Placing infested items in a freezer set below 0°F (-18°C) for several days can eliminate them.
  5. Professional extermination: In severe infestations, it’s often best to seek professional help. Pest control professionals have the knowledge and tools to effectively eliminate bed bugs.

Remember, it’s crucial to take prompt action at the first sign of a bed bug infestation to prevent it from spreading and becoming more difficult to control.

Duane Cepeda is a highly skilled and experienced bed bug exterminator with a passion for creating pest-free living spaces. With a keen eye for detail and a thorough understanding of bed bug behavior, Duane is dedicated to providing effective and tailored solutions to help clients rid their homes of these persistent pests. Trusted by many, Duane Cepeda is committed to delivering top-notch pest control services that ensure peace of mind and a good night’s sleep for his customers.


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