Natural Methods to Combat Bed Bugs

by | May 18, 2023 | 0 comments

Bed bugs are unwelcome pests that can disrupt your sleep and leave you with itchy, uncomfortable bites. These tiny insects are skilled hitchhikers, making it easy for them to find their way into your home through various means. However, there are effective natural methods you can employ to combat bed bugs and regain control of your living space. In this article, we will explore some of these natural remedies and prevention strategies to help you deal with bed bug infestations without resorting to harmful chemicals or pesticides.

Bed bugs are parasitic insects that feed on human blood. While they are not known to transmit diseases, their presence can cause significant distress and discomfort. Recognizing the signs of a bed bug infestation and taking prompt action is crucial to prevent their population from growing and spreading throughout your home.

The fight against bed bugs doesn’t always require harsh chemicals. Our guide to natural methods to combat bed bugs presents alternatives that are both effective and eco-friendly. These methods can complement the work of a professional bed bug removal in Houston, helping to expedite the eradication process. Understanding the surprising secrets of bed bug behavior will be crucial to effectively using these natural methods. However, it’s still important to ensure you’re properly preparing your home for any form of treatment and taking care of your infested possessions.

Understanding Bed Bugs

Before delving into natural remedies, it’s essential to have a basic understanding of bed bugs. These small, oval-shaped insects are typically reddish-brown in color and are approximately the size of an apple seed. They are nocturnal and feed on the blood of humans and other warm-blooded animals. Bed bugs can hide in various places, including mattresses, box springs, furniture, cracks, and crevices.

Signs of Bed Bug Infestation

Identifying the signs of a bed bug infestation early can help you take swift action. Some common indicators include:

  • The presence of red, itchy bite marks on your body is often arranged in a line or cluster.
  • Dark spots or stains on your bedding, mattress, or furniture are excrement droppings of bed bugs.
  • Tiny, pale yellow bed bug eggs or shed exoskeletons in crevices or along the edges of mattresses.
  • A musty odor, is often described as a sweet, sickly scent, particularly in heavily infested areas.

Health Risks Associated with Bed Bugs

While bed bugs are not known to transmit diseases, their bites can lead to various health issues. Intense itching and scratching of the bites can cause secondary skin infections. Additionally, bed bug infestations can cause significant psychological distress, including anxiety, sleep disturbances, and emotional stress.

Preventing Bed Bug Infestations

Prevention is key when it comes to bed bugs. Here are some preventive measures you can take to minimize the risk of an infestation:

  • Inspect second-hand furniture or clothing before bringing them into your home.
  • Use protective covers on your mattresses and box springs to create a barrier against bed bugs.
  • Reduce clutter in your home, as it provides hiding places for bed bugs.
  • Be cautious when staying in hotels or traveling. Inspect the bed and furniture thoroughly before settling in.
  • Regularly vacuum and clean your home to eliminate any potential hiding spots for bed bugs.

Natural Remedies for Bed Bug Control

While professional extermination may be necessary for severe infestations, you can try several natural remedies to control and eliminate bed bugs. These methods include:

Steam Treatment

Steam treatment is an effective way to kill bed bugs and their eggs. High-temperature steam can penetrate mattress seams, cracks, and crevices, effectively exterminating bed bugs on contact. It is important to use a steam cleaner specifically designed for this purpose and follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully.


Regularly vacuuming infested areas and surrounding areas can help remove bed bugs, eggs, and their debris. Remember to empty the vacuum cleaner bag or canister immediately after use and dispose of it in a sealed plastic bag to prevent any potential reinfestation.

Diatomaceous Earth

Diatomaceous earth is a natural, abrasive powder made from the fossilized remains of tiny aquatic organisms. It is safe for humans but deadly to bed bugs. Sprinkle diatomaceous earth around infested areas, such as mattress seams, baseboards, and cracks. The fine particles will stick to the bed bugs, dehydrating and eventually killing them.

Essential Oils

Certain essential oils have been found to repel and kill bed bugs. Tea trees, lavender, peppermint, and eucalyptus oil are the most effective options. Dilute a few drops of the essential oil with water and spray it around potential infestation areas, including your mattress, furniture, and cracks.

Cold Treatment

Bed bugs are sensitive to extreme temperatures. Placing infested items, such as clothing or bedding, in sealed plastic bags and freezing them for several days can effectively kill bed bugs and their eggs. Ensure the temperature remains consistently below freezing for the duration of the treatment.

Washing and Drying Infested Items

Washing infested clothing, bedding, and other washable items in hot water can help eliminate bed bugs. The water should be at least 120°F (49°C) to ensure the insects and their eggs are killed. After washing, tumble dry the items on high heat for at least 30 minutes to further eradicate any remaining bed bugs.

Mattress and Furniture Encasements

mattress encasement

Using mattress and furniture encasements can help prevent bed bugs from infesting these items and make detecting and eliminating any existing infestations easier. These encasements create a protective barrier, preventing bed bugs from entering or escaping.

Decluttering and Regular Cleaning

Reducing clutter in your home minimizes potential hiding spots for bed bugs, making detecting and treating infestations easier. Maintaining a clean, organized living space also allows for better inspection and early intervention.

Professional Pest Control Options

bed bug exterminator

In severe or persistent bed bug infestations, seeking a professional bed bug exterminator may be necessary. Professional exterminators have access to specialized treatments and techniques that can effectively eliminate bed bugs from your home.

Bed Bug-Proofing Your Home

Once you have successfully dealt with a bed bug infestation, taking preventive measures is crucial to avoid future occurrences. These include regularly inspecting your home for signs of bed bugs, maintaining cleanliness, using protective encasements on mattresses and furniture, and being cautious when introducing second-hand items into your living space.

Travel Tips to Avoid Bed Bugs

Taking precautions to prevent bed bugs from hitchhiking their way back to your home is essential when travelling. Some helpful tips include:

  • Inspecting hotel rooms thoroughly before unpacking.
  • Keeping your luggage elevated and away from the bed or furniture.
  • Using luggage liners or plastic bags to store your belongings.
  • Laundering your clothing immediately upon returning home.


Implementing natural methods in your fight against bed bugs can be an effective and environmentally friendly approach. However, remember to utilize DIY methods for bed bug treatment responsibly and always consult with a professional bed bug exterminator for severe infestations. Post-treatment, be mindful of what not to do after bed bug treatment to prevent reinfestation. Lastly, understanding where bed bugs come from can help in preventing future infestations.


What kills bed bugs permanently naturally?

Several natural remedies can help kill bed bugs and prevent their return. These include steam treatment, diatomaceous earth, essential oils like tea tree and lavender, and cold treatment. However, it’s important to note that severe infestations may require professional extermination.

What does vinegar do to bed bugs?

Vinegar, specifically white vinegar, is known for its acidic properties, which can help kill bed bugs on contact. However, vinegar alone may not eliminate a bed bug infestation. It is more effective when combined with other natural remedies and as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.

Can bleach stop bed bugs?

While bleach is a strong disinfectant that can kill bed bugs on surfaces, it is not recommended for eradicating bed bug infestations. Bed bugs hide in various areas, and bleach cannot effectively reach and eliminate them from deep cracks and crevices. Also, bleach is toxic and can pose health risks if improper use.

What kills bed bugs instantly, baking soda?

Baking soda, or sodium bicarbonate, is not known to kill bed bugs instantly. While it may have some drying properties, it is not considered an effective standalone treatment for bed bug infestations. It is more commonly used as a cleaning agent or deodorizer.

What smells repel bed bugs?

Certain smells and essential oils are believed to repel bed bugs. These include the scents of lavender, peppermint, tea tree oil, eucalyptus, and citrus. However, while these smells may deter bed bugs to some extent, they are not guaranteed to provide complete protection against infestations. Combining smell-based deterrents with other preventive measures is essential for better results.

While natural remedies can help combat bed bugs, severe infestations may require professional assistance. Consult with pest control experts for the most effective and comprehensive solutions.

Duane Cepeda is a highly skilled and experienced bed bug exterminator with a passion for creating pest-free living spaces. With a keen eye for detail and a thorough understanding of bed bug behavior, Duane is dedicated to providing effective and tailored solutions to help clients rid their homes of these persistent pests. Trusted by many, Duane Cepeda is committed to delivering top-notch pest control services that ensure peace of mind and a good night’s sleep for his customers.


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